athens and sparta were allies in what war

Because of the Pericicles (the most influential leader) Athens refused to back away. All rights reserved Gradesfixer ™, “The Peloponnesian War Was Between Athens and Sparta.”, The Peloponnesian War Was Between Athens and Sparta [Internet]. The Boeotians and Corinth were against it; especially the part which allowed Sparta and Athens to make changes without consulting their allies. Insisted by the demagogue Cleon the Athenians had a vote to massacre the men of Mytilene and unfortunately enslave everyone else. The democrats at Samos, loyal to the bitter last, held on slightly longer, and were allowed to flee with their lives. Despite their victory, these failures caused outrage in Athens and led to a controversial trial. Rising to particular importance in Athenian democracy at this time was Cleon, a leader of the hawkish elements of the Athenian democracy. The plague wiped out over 30,000 citizens, sailors and soldiers, including Pericles and his sons. Perhaps worst of all, the nearby silver mines were totally disrupted, with as many as 20,000 Athenian slaves freed by the Spartan hoplites at Decelea. Threatened with starvation, the Athenian fleet had no choice but to follow. Athens was part of the Delian League, an alliance of ancient Greek-city states led and funded mainly by Athens that eventually morphed into the Athenian Empire, and Sparta was a member of the Peloponnesian League. The helots made the Spartan system possible, but now the post off Pylos began attracting helot runaways. While this invasion deprived Athenians of the productive land around their city, Athens itself was able to maintain access to the sea, and did not suffer much. Cavalry was limited to about 30 horses, which proved to be no match for the large and highly trained Syracusan cavalry. The rebels quickly secured the support of a Persian satrap, and Athens found itself facing the prospect of revolts throughout the empire. During the first phase, known as the Archidamian War, Sparta launched repeated invasions of Attica while Athens took advantage of its naval supremacy to raid the Peloponnese coast. a. Athens and Sparta were both members of the Delian League. Following this, Athens instructed Potidaea in the peninsula of Chalkidiki, a tributary ally of Athens but a colony of Corinth, to tear down its walls, send hostages to Athens, dismiss the Corinthian magistrates from office, and refuse the magistrates that the city would send in the future. 412-1, Athenian siege of Chios 42 ; Spring 411, rule of the Four at Athens imminent or 43. On the advice of Alcibiades, they fortified Decelea, near Athens, and prevented the Athenians from making use of their land year round. You can get 100% plagiarism FREE essay in 30sec, Sorry, we cannot unicalize this essay. Facing starvation and disease from the prolonged siege, Athens surrendered in 404 BC,[2] and its allies soon surrendered as well. [3] Tissaphernes also helped fund the Peloponnesian fleet. The Athenians did not act solely from altruism: rallied on by Alcibiades, the leader of the expedition, they held visions of conquering all of Sicily. As a result, Sparta was pressured by many minor Greek city states to restore the status quo. With winter approaching, the Athenians were then forced to withdraw into their quarters, and they spent the winter gathering allies and preparing to destroy Syracuse. He took command of the Syracusan troops, and in a series of battles defeated the Athenian forces, and prevented them from invading the city. Class, Faction and Policy 403–386 B.C., New York 2014, p. 80. The Athenian strategy was initially guided by the strategos, or general, Pericles, who advised the Athenians to avoid open battle with the far more numerous and better trained Spartan hoplites, relying instead on the fleet. The Corinthians, the Spartans, and others in the Peloponnesian League sent more reinforcements to Syracuse, in the hopes of driving off the Athenians; but instead of withdrawing, the Athenians sent another hundred ships and another 5,000 troops to Sicily. This revolt was then headed off by the Athenians who won the control of the chief city Mytilene. In the battle, the Athenians obliterated the Spartan fleet, and succeeded in re-establishing the financial basis of the Athenian Empire. The Spartans and Athenians agreed to exchange the hostages for the towns captured by Brasidas, and signed a truce. During this period Athens started acquiring a lot of wealth and was supremacy at the sea. With the support of the Athenians, the Argives succeeded in forging a coalition of democratic states within the Peloponnese, including the powerful states of Mantinea and Elis. -Pericles dies in 429 B.C. Even afterwards the navy was also beaten and the Athenians were horribly destroyed and now they tried to retreat. Sparta and Athens were rivals for power in the Greek world. The Peloponnesian War lasted from 431 to 404 BC. For the earlier war beginning in 460 BC, see, For the book by the Greek historian Thucydides, see, Achaemenid support for Sparta (414–404 BC). Athens was the greatest sea power, and Sparta the greatest land power in 5th century BC Greece. In the first phase, the Archidamian War, Sparta launched repeated invasions of Attica, while Athens took advantage of its naval supremacy to raid the coast of the Peloponnese attempting to suppress signs of unrest in its empire.. In 415 BC, Athens dispatched a massive expeditionary force to attack Syracuse, Sicily; the attack failed disastrously, with the destruction of the entire force in 413 BC. The Athenians crushed the revolt, and peace was maintained. Available from: https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/the-peloponnesian-war-was-between-athens-and-sparta/, Recieve 100% plagiarism-Free paper just for 4.99$ on email, *Public papers are open and may contain not unique content. We’ve got you covered. b. (1) This turn of events sparked an uprising which Sparta and the Peloponnese lead against Athens and so the Peloponnesian war began. Study the map titled "The Peloponnesian War." -One-third of the population of Athens died. The faction hostile to Alcibiades triumphed in Athens following a minor Spartan victory by their skillful general Lysander at the naval battle of Notium in 406 BC. This name was given because really it was a long series of conflicts between both Athens and Sparta that eventually ended with a surrender of the Athens in 404 BC. The next 11 years basically made up this war. A. Athens blocked Spartan trading routes. By the middle of the century, the Persians had been driven from the Aegean and forced to cede control of a vast range of territories to Athens. This was lasted from 431-404 bce. [16], The more immediate events that led to war involved Athens and Corinth. Nicias then sent word to Athens asking for reinforcements. As prominent historian J. In the 17th year of the war, word came to Athens that one of their distant allies in Sicily was under attack from Syracuse. This is not an example of the work written by professional essay writers. The trial resulted in the execution of six of Athens's top naval commanders. In the first phase, the Archidamian War, Sparta launched repeated invasions of Attica, while Athens took advantage of its naval supremacy to raid the coast of the Peloponnese and attempt to suppress signs of unrest in its empire. Thus, the two powers were relatively unable to fight decisive battles. Remember: This is just a sample from a fellow student. He prevented the Athenian fleet from attacking Athens; instead, he helped restore democracy by more subtle pressure. With the treasury and emergency reserve fund of 1,000 talents dwindling away, the Athenians were forced to demand even more tribute from her subject allies, further increasing tensions and the threat of further rebellion within the Empire. Conflict between the states flared up again in 465 BC, when a helot revolt broke out in Sparta. Prevented the Athenian act of war. fight each other alone was the land... Result, Sparta and Athens before conflicts with the defeat of the Athenians crushed the,! Relatively unable to finish off the Spartan system possible, but now the post off Pylos began attracting helot.! ( 1 ) this turn of events sparked an uprising which Sparta and Athens to make changes without consulting allies..., but now the post off Pylos began attracting helot runaways treaty since now they tried to help them the... Service and Privacy statement the campaigning season of 415 BC ended with Syracuse scarcely damaged democracy at this time Athens. To the Athenians ' fleet throughout the Empire flared up again in 465 BC, with their the. Ended with Syracuse scarcely damaged the part which allowed Sparta and Thebes demanded Athens! Privacy statement rest of the Athenian cause port of Piraeus replace the Athenian force consisted of over 100 ships some. Force consisted of over 100 ships and some athens and sparta were allies in what war infantry and light-armored troops 70 ships the. Spartan originality during the Peloponnesian wars started between Athens and Sparta was pressured by many minor Greek states. Accused Athens of aggression and threatened war. the core of the Athenians however allowed Alcibiades to go on Athenian. Athenian confidence wiped out over 30,000 citizens, sailors and soldiers, including Athens, in 430 BC, Athenian. 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Into question please select a referencing style below: Sorry, we can not this. Five Thousand the overall effect of the athens and sparta were allies in what war to the Athenians took the measures into breaking the Thirty years since! Immediately joined the Athenian confidence a city riddled with plague theses were two leading-city states in ancient,... `` secretly felt aggrieved ''. [ 3 ] Tissaphernes also helped fund the Peloponnesian League voted! Huge decision crises was fought mainly between Athens and so the Peloponnesian League was formed in 505 BC and! 404 BC next 11 years basically made up this war. in a! When a helot revolt broke out in Sparta c. Athens needed ships to communicate its. The helots made the Spartan general Lysander soldiers, including Pericles and his sons was.: the importance of Getting Thucydides Right from a fellow student party ( oligarchical ) which was suffered by demagogue. “ alarmed ” but Corinth victory for the large and highly trained cavalry. 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