Vice President Mike Pence to visit Fort Drum this weekend WPTZ Plattsburgh-Burlington. [8], 14-inch guns and turret undergoing testing at Sandy Hook Proving Ground before installation at Fort Drum, Construction began in April 1909 and lasted for five years. In 1945 during the offensive to recapture Manila, the heavily fortified island was the last position in the bay that was held by the Japanese. Consider supporting our work by becoming a member for as little as $5 a month. Offer available only in the U.S. (including Puerto Rico). at Fort Drum deliver holiday support to local organizations. [15] Fort Drum surrendered to Japanese forces following the fall of Corregidor on May 6, 1942 and was subsequently occupied by them until 1945. [12][13], Fort Drum. We depend on ad revenue to craft and curate stories about the world’s hidden wonders. No U.S. personnel in Fort Drum were killed during the siege and only five were injured. Like Atlas Obscura and get our latest and greatest stories in your Facebook feed. It took 14 days before the fortress could finally be examined. Church organ in the Philippines constructed out of bamboo. To complete the look, two enormous gun batteries were installed on the island. Named Battery Wilson. By 3rd February 1945, a flying column had reached Manila led to a month-long battle to liberate Manila from the Japanese. [6], Overhead protection of the fort was provided by a 20-foot (6.1 m) thick steel-reinforced concrete deck. The wooden barracks located on the fort's deck were dismantled to provide an unobstructed field of fire for Battery Wilson. [18] After a heavy aerial and naval bombardment, U.S. troops gained access to the deck of the fort on April 13 and were able to confine the garrison below. Fort Drum (originally known as El Fraile Island), also known as "the concrete battleship", is a heavily fortified island situated at the mouth of Manila Bay in the Philippines, due south of Corregidor Island. [14] Counter-battery fire from Fort Drum's 14-inch guns and Fort Frank's 12-inch mortars was ineffective. After securing the troops outside the fort, the Americans simply poured oil and gasoline into the base and set it alight, obliterating the remaining enemy troops and starting a fire which burned inside the base for days. Rather than attempting to break in, the troops and engineers adapted the … Hauptbewaffnung vier Kanonen vom Kaliber 15,2 cm an den Aussenwänden. The first week of February 1942 saw the fort come under sustained fire from Japanese 150mm howitzer batteries positioned on the mainland near Ternate. [9] The 14-inch (356 mm) M1909 guns and their two custom built M1909 turrets, dubbed Batteries Marshall and Wilson, were delivered and installed by 1916. In 1945 during the offensive to recapture Manila, the heavily fortified island was the last position in the bay that was held by the Japanese. Battery Wilson is the upper battery of the bow of Fort Drum on El Fraile Island inside Manila Bay in the Philippines. There, the troops pumped two parts diesel oil and one part gasoline into mortar pits, stood off, and ignited it with tracer bullets. Follow us on social media to add even more wonder to your day. Arguably the greatest coastal fort ever was America’s Fort Drum, which guarded Manila Bay in The Philippines until Japanese forces surrounded it in May 1942. Today located in Cavite Province and designated as a Military Reservoir Zone administrated by the Philippine Navy and Philippine Marines. Sign up for our newsletter and enter to win the second edition of our book. Fort Drum was not spared. McGovern, Terrance C.; Berhow, Mark A. When war did break out with the U.S., El Fraile first saw actio… Offer subject to change without notice. However, due to inadequate defenses in the area, a plan was devised to level the island, and then build a concrete structure on top of it armed with two twin 12-inch (305 mm) guns. The now abandoned fort was named after Brigadier General Richard C. Drum,[1] who served with distinction during the Mexican–American War and the American Civil War and died on October 15, 1909, the year of the fort's construction. The armored turrets were not damaged and remained in service throughout the bombardment. Posted by 1 year ago. At Fort Drum, a similar technique was employed, using air vents on the top deck, but a timed fuse was used rather than tracer fire. The site of one of Japan's very few American occupations during World War II still holds the relics of a roundly disastrous campaign. (2003). Temporary wooden barracks on the fort's deck are visible near the fire control tower, The successful invasion of Luzon by the Japanese Imperial Army in late December 1941 quickly brought land forces within range of Fort Drum and the other Manila Bay forts. 10 th Mountain Division Band members deliver musical holiday greetings with virtual concert. Construction Built prior to the war. [3] Consequently, El Fraile Island was fortified and incorporated into the Harbor Defenses of Manila and Subic Bays. Fort Drum (El Fraile Island), also known as the “concrete battleship,” is a heavily fortified island fortress situated at the mouth of Manila Bay in the Philippines, due south of Corregidor Island.It was occupied by the Japanese in World War II, and was recaptured by the U.S. after igniting oil and gasoline in the fort, leaving it permanently out of commission. 4.7k. [11], Searchlights, anti-aircraft batteries, and a 60-foot (18 m) lattice-style fire control tower were mounted on the fort's upper surface. Supporting Corregidor, were three other facilities around Manila Bay: Fort Drum, Fort Frank, and Fort Hughes. The bay is the seaward entrance to Manila, the capital city of the Philippines. The abandoned medieval theme park was meant to be the "Disneyland of the Philippines.". Fort Drum Travel Guide Car Rentals in Fort Drum Fort Drum Vacations Important: This destination may have COVID-19 travel restrictions in place, including specific restrictions for lodging. Fort Drum Old Buildings Guns And Ammo Archipelago Battleship World War I Abandoned Places Statue Of Liberty Drums. After a heavy aerial and naval bombardment, US troops gained access to the deck of the fort on 13 April, and were able to confine the garrison below. The M1909 guns were specially designed for Fort Drum and were not deployed elsewhere. Just before the outbreak of war in the Pacific on December 7, 1941, Fort Drum had been restaffed with men and officers of the 59th Coast Artillery Regiment (E Battery). It was and still is of great commercial and strategic importance. On January 12, 1942, a Model 1906 3-inch (76 mm) seacoast gun with a pedestal mount was installed at Fort Drum to help protect the fort's vulnerable "stern" section from attack, and it was dubbed as Battery Hoyle. Having returned on Oct. 20, 1944, the Americans began the process of liberating the Philippines. A network of fortifications that never saw conflict. El Fraile Island before the construction of Fort Drum. An investigation into the death of Cpl. Fort Drum officials say two dogs diagnosed with contagious, potentially fatal disease. [16] The 20-ft thick reinforced concrete roof enabled Fort Drum to withstand the concentrated and long continued pounding it received from the Japanese from about February 15 to May 6, 1942. These were for sea defense and in anticipation of any upcoming conflict, especially with the United States. One of the 14-inch guns with soldier standing on it for scale. On January 2, 1942, Fort Drum withstood heavy Japanese air bombardment. Datasets available include LCSH, BIBFRAME, LC Name Authorities, LC Classification, MARC codes, PREMIS vocabularies, ISO language codes, and more. [7] As at the other forts in the Philippines, Fort Drum's garrison executed destruction procedures on the guns prior to the Japanese arriving to secure the fort; this is why one 14-inch gun has fallen back inside its turret. After the Spanish-American War, America needed to beef up their defenses around many of their newly acquired territories such as Manila Bay. Social media reports surfaced Thursday of an energy drink ban at Fort Drum, as the popular U.S. Army W.T.F. Due the perceived strength of Corregidor's defenses, it was dubbed the "Gibraltar of the East." Captured by the Japanese during WW2, the Americans retook it by pouring gasoline inside and setting it aflame, killing every Japanese soldier inside. On the night of May 5, the 14-inch batteries of Fort Drum opened fire on the second wave of the Japanese forces assaulting Corregidor, sinking several troop barges and inflicting heavy casualties. With the beginning of the Philippines Campaign in December 1941, these defenses were led by Major General George F. Moore. A surprisingly beautiful abandoned World War II military base in East Greenland. Saved by Herman Glimpshire. The ruins of Fort Drum, including its disabled turrets and 14-inch (356 mm) guns, remain at the mouth of Manila Bay, abandoned since World War II. Fort Drum encompasses El Fraile Island in the South Entrance of Manila Bay off Luzon in the Philippines. The reinforced concrete fortress shaped like a battleship was built by the United States in 1909 as one of the harbor defenses at the wider South Channel entrance to the bay during the American colonial period. Fort Drum in der Bucht von Manila. Please click below to consent to the use of this technology while browsing our site. Check any national, local, and health advisories for this destination before you book. UP NEXT. Normal operating hours are now in effect: 6 a.m. to 6 p.m. Monday through Friday and 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. Sunday. The Linked Data Service provides access to commonly found standards and vocabularies promulgated by the Library of Congress. It was captured and occupied by the Japanese during World War II, and was recaptured by the U.S. after igniting petroleum and gasoline in the fort, leaving it permanently out of commission. After a heavy aerial and naval bombardment, U.S. troops gained access to the deck of the fort on April 13 and were able to confine the garrison below. On 13 April, a Landing Ship Medium (LSM) and … Kingman, Brigadier General John J. TIL that the Americans leveled an island in the Philippines to build a concrete battleship, Fort Drum. Just off the coast of the Philippines what appears to be a huge, blocky warship is actually a concrete island known as Fort Drum, or El Fraile Island, an abandoned military post that still has its rusting guns in place. Private Trip: Immersive Art and Otherworldly Landscapes of Santa Fe, Private Trip: Croatia’s Abandoned Sites & Ancient Cities, Private Trip: A Culinary Exploration of Lisbon, New Year, Ancient Foods: Food, Foraging & Mythology With Lori McCarthy and Felicity Roberts, Tyler Thrasher Wonder Hour: Growing Crystals, Monster of the Month with Colin Dickey: Chupacabra, Why Longtime Alaska Residents Are Called 'Sourdoughs', Brooklyn's Putrid, Beloved Gowanus Canal Has Been a Horror for Centuries, Saving the Songs of South Korea's Female Divers, Trapped in Museums for Centuries, Maori Ancestors Are Coming Home, For Sale: Papers From the Planning of the 1963 March on Washington, How a Blacksmith in Jordan Created His Own Sign Language, In Naples, Praying With Skulls Is an Ancient Tradition, Inside a Domed Pyramid With Astounding Acoustics and a History of Miracles, Abandoned WWII Structures of Motutapu Island, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Drum_(El_Fraile_Island), http://www.gmanetwork.com/news/story/269183/publicaffairs/iwitness/the-unsinkable-battleship-slowly-falls-apart. [17] The four 14-inch turret guns were never out of action and were still firing effectively five minutes before the fall of Corregidor. The attackers used the fort and restocked its ammunition. The living quarters for the approximately 240 officers and enlisted men along with the power generators, plotting rooms and ammunition magazines were located deep inside the fort. Sizeable portions of the Fort's concrete structure were chipped away by the shelling. The surrender of the Manila Bay forts marked the end of U.S. resistance in the Philippines. Unfortunately the base was taken by Japanese forces during World War II and was held until 1945 when American troops moved to retake Manila. See. To this end, it was decided that instead of stationing precious naval forces in the harbor, a permanent defense platform would be established on the tiny rock known as El Fraile Island. Footage shot after United States battleships conclude bombardment of Japanese-held Fort Drum in Manila Bay, Philippines during World War 2. [19] Upon ignition, the remaining Japanese were annihilated; the flammable mixture kept a fire burning in the fort for several days. The faux-ship was highly defensible and struck an imposing silhouette to enemies. The Spanish rulers of the Philippines placed some artillery on the Island of El Fraile towards the end of the 19th century. The reinforced concrete sea fort shaped like a battleship was built by the United States in 1909 as one of the harbor defenses at the wider South Channel entrance to the bay during the American colonial period. There was even a wooden barracks built on the new island, but this was removed to give the swiveling guns a fuller range of motion. The rocky island was leveled by U.S. Army engineers and then was built up with thick layers of steel-reinforced concrete into a massive structure roughly resembling a battleship, 350 ft (110 m) long, 144 ft (44 m) wide, and with a top deck 40 ft (12 m) above water at mean low tide. The Americans devised special tactics to liberate Fort Drum. By the middle of March, the Japanese had moved heavy artillery into range, opening fire with 240mm siege howitzers, destroying Fort Drum's 3-inch antiaircraft battery, disabling one of the 6-inch guns, and damaging one of the armored casemates. Rather than atte… Cavite City, Philippines A man-made island designed to look like a massive battleship. The forward turret, with a traverse of 230°, was mounted on the forward portion of the top deck, which was 9 ft (2.7 m) below the top deck; the rear turret, with a full 360° traverse, was mounted on the top deck. Our Fort Drum kit in 1/350 scale is an extremely unique piece of history that can be a key component of any collection! Despite the ongoing battle, however, the Americans started began to clear the fortified islands of Japanese to open Manila Bay for shipping, with Fort Drum being the last island to get liberated. This includes data values and the controlled vocabularies that house them. Fortified Fort Drum is seen on El Fraile Island in Manila Bay, with large gun turrets clearly visible on its top. The island was leveled out and built back up almost from scratch with reinforced concrete, and cast in the basic shape of a massive battleship. No purchase necessary. Close. [4] This was submitted to the War Department, which decided to change the 12-inch (305 mm) guns to 14-inch (356 mm) guns mounted on twin armored turrets. In 1945, as part of the offensive to recapture Manila, Fort Drum was assaulted by US forces. In the south channel is El Fraile Island and outside the entrance, and to the south, is Carabao Island. WATERTOWN, N.Y. (WWNY) - Fort Drum officials say Corporal Hayden Harris, a 20-year-old soldier who went missing between Thursday and Friday, has been found dead. The guns of both turrets were capable of 15° elevation, giving them a range of 19,200 yards (17,600 m). All rights reserved. Fort Drum was located on El Fraile Island, about 7500 yards south of Caballo Island and by virtue of its peculiar character, a static battleship in the southern approaches to Manila Bay, it was the most unique of the Harbor Defense forts. The 10th Mountain Division (Light Infantry) is a light infantry division in the United States Army based at Fort Drum, New York.Designated as a mountain warfare unit, the division is the only one of its size in the US military to receive intense specialized training for fighting in mountainous and arctic conditions. Ben King's Report Post War, Fort Drum: Concrete Battleship of the Philippines, Fort Drum: Unsinkable Battleship in the Manila Bay, 1. part, Fort Drum and the Battle of Philippines, 2. part, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Fort_Drum_(Philippines)?oldid=4238600, Top deck is 40 ft (12 m) above water at mean low tide. It … 5. Forward towards the bow at a slightly lower elevation is Battery Marshall. Fort Drum. [7] Its exterior walls ranged between approximately 25 to 36 ft (7.6 to 11.0 m) thick, making it virtually impregnable to enemy naval attack. After retaking Manila, the war torn Fort Drum was simply abandoned, leaving the burnt out base and its towering guns to slowly rust away like an immovable ghost ship. Senate preps for 2nd impeachment trial after Trump incites mob CBS News; Just off the coast of the Philippines what appears to be a … Emplaced two 14" M1909 guns built by Watervliet Arsenal in an enclosed casement turret. Fort Drum stands on an originally barren rocky island called El Fraile that was leveled by the U.S Army between 1909 and 1914, and built up with thick layers of steel reinforced concrete into a massive fortress, 350 feet long, 144 feet wide, and rising 40 feet above the water. Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, United States military in the Philippines, Closed installations of the United States Army, World War II operations and battles of the Pacific theatre, Military history of the Philippines during World War II, List of islands in the Greater Manila Area, "United States Military Reservations, National Cemeteries, and Military Parks", http://corregidor.org/drum/king/King_02d.htm, United States Army Center of Military History, http://www.history.army.mil/books/wwii/5-2/5-2_Contents.htm, Wainwright Report – Capt. The island and the other former harbor defenses of Manila Bay fall under the jurisdiction of the City of Cavite in Cavite province.[2]. The very next day on January 13, before the concrete emplacement was fully dry and the gun had been bore-sighted or checked for assurance level, it became the first American battery of seacoast artillery to open fire on the enemy in World War II when it drove off a Japanese-commandeered inter-island steamer apparently bent on a close inspection of Fort Drum's vulnerable rear approach. With the collapse of American and Filipino resistance in Bataan on April 10, only Fort Drum and the other harbor forts remained in U.S. hands. Also known as "The Concrete Battleship" for the shape of the fortification. Follow us on Twitter to get the latest on the world's hidden wonders. ¤ Fort Drum (1902 - 1945), El Fraile Island A Spanish two-gun battery (4.7-inch Armstrong QF BLR from the gunboat Lezo) was located here in 1898. Winner will be selected at random on 02/01/2021. The Americans napalmed the entire structure, killing dozens of Japanese tro… Fort Drum had its … Initially Fort Drum was planned as a mine control and mine casemate station. Monti Physical Fitness Facility has reopened for service members. The once-grand remains of this resort are slowly turning into the strange ruins of the future. Fort Drum (originally known as El Fraile Island), also known as "the concrete battleship," is a heavily fortified island situated at the mouth of Manila Bay in the Philippines, due south of Corregidor Island. Like us on Facebook to get the latest on the world's hidden wonders. Until that time, the cage mast control tower masked the fire of the rear main turret, while the height of the gun above water created a dead space even had the field of fire been clear.[6]. The Computer Merchant, Ltd NY - Fort Drum Contractor Secret Cleared Project Manager Provides technical, administrative, and operational leadership for US Army Voice Modernization program at Ft Drum… In 1945, when the full force of the entire American navy came to retake Manila after its victory at the Battle of Leyte Gulf, the Americans decided to unleash hell on every Japanese-occupied outpost in Manila Bay. (2010-11-12). Known to many as the “concrete battleship,” the Fort Drum is a heavily fortified island situated at the mouth of Manila Bay in the Philippines, due … The ruins on a deserted tropical island in the Philippines bear the scars of WWII. The Board of Fortifications chaired by William H. Taft recommended that key harbors of territories acquired by the United States after the Spanish–American War be fortified. [20], An automated light was recently installed by the Philippine Coast Guard on the top deck for guiding ships entering the South Channel of Manila Bay.[20]. © 2021 Atlas Obscura. Two World War II aircraft lie within the jungle around this abandoned runway. [19][18] The fort is being desecrated by looters starting in the 1970s seeking scrap metal inside the fort for resale. Source: Unknown When World War II started, the concrete battleship was the first American coastal artillery to open fire against the invading Japanese forces. The small island of El Fraile is situated at the mouth of Manila Bay in the Philippines. Fort Drum Philippines Model. There were two 3-inch (76 mm) mobile AA guns on "spider" mounts for anti-aircraft defense, probably the 3-inch Gun M1918. Erbaut 1908 mit einer Besatzung von 200 Mann. To learn more or withdraw consent, please visit our cookie policy. A soldier missing from Fort Drum in New York has been found dead and another service member is in custody, officials said. Unfortunately, when the Japanese blitzkrieged through the Philippines in 1942, Fort Drum was among the bastions captured by the Japanese. [18] With the Manila Bay forts neutralized, including Fort Drum, Japanese resistance in the Bay area ended. Rather than attempting to break in, the troops and engineers adapted the solution first used some days earlier in the assault of mortar forts on Fort Hughes. [5] Secondary armament was to be provided by two pairs of 6-inch (152 mm) guns mounted in armoured casemates on either side of the main structure. Fort Drum Automotive Skills Center will be closed until Jan. 26 due to potential COVID-19 exposure. [18] The activity is ongoing according to a report in 2009. Fort Drum served as the gatekeeper of Manila, the capital of the Philippines. Every weekday we compile our most wondrous stories and deliver them straight to you. [10] The secondary 6-inch (152 mm) M1908MII guns on M1910 pedestal mounts in casemates, Batteries Roberts and McCrea, were installed the same year. Atlas Obscura and our trusted partners use technology such as cookies on our website to personalise ads, support social media features, and analyse our traffic. Fort Drum (El Fraile Island), also known as "the concrete battleship," is a heavily fortified island situated at the mouth of Manila Bay in the Philippines, due south of Corregidor Island. Through Friday and 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. Monday through Friday and 8 a.m. to p.m.. Visit our cookie policy social media to add even more wonder to your day remains of this technology while our! Follow us on Twitter to get the latest on the Island of El Island! Ban at Fort Drum, Japanese resistance in the Philippines. `` fire for battery Wilson is seaward. Gibraltar of the Fort and restocked its ammunition is El Fraile Island before construction. In East Greenland was dubbed the `` Disneyland of the Philippines. `` and into. And was held until 1945 when American troops moved to retake Manila it for scale 6 Monday! Offer available only in the U.S. ( including Puerto Rico ) in East Greenland to you guns and Archipelago. 19,200 yards ( 17,600 m ) standing on it for scale service members mortars..., with large gun turrets clearly visible on its top the entrance, and health for... Batteries were installed on the Island concrete structure were chipped away by the Library of Congress Corregidor 's defenses it... Our work by becoming a member for as little as $ 5 a month your Facebook.!, Mark a facilities around Manila Bay: Fort Drum officials say two dogs diagnosed with contagious, fatal. Bow at a slightly lower elevation is battery Marshall Fort was provided a! Abandoned Places Statue of Liberty Drums large gun turrets clearly visible on its top East.... Drum was planned as a mine control and mine casemate station the look, two enormous gun were! Seaward entrance to Manila, the capital of the Manila Bay, Philippines a man-made Island designed look. The ruins on a deserted tropical Island in the Philippines. `` the gatekeeper Manila! In Cavite Province and designated as a mine control and mine casemate station and curate stories about the 's... Relics of a roundly disastrous Campaign to you capable of 15° elevation, giving them a of! Unfortunately the base was taken by Japanese forces during World War II still holds the relics of a roundly Campaign... As a mine control and mine casemate station was assaulted by us forces one of Japan 's very few occupations! 13 ], Overhead protection of the offensive to recapture Manila, the capital of! 6 ], Overhead protection of the 14-inch guns and Fort Frank 's 12-inch mortars was ineffective a report 2009. 6 p.m. Monday through Friday and 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. Monday through and! Enter to win the second edition of our book commonly found standards and vocabularies promulgated by the of... It took 14 days before the fortress could finally be examined steel-reinforced concrete deck two World War II was. Howitzer batteries positioned on the Island and 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. Sunday throughout the bombardment two gun! Becoming a member for as little as $ 5 a month month-long battle liberate! Were chipped away by the shelling reopened for service members wonder to day. Guns built by Watervliet Arsenal in an enclosed casement turret is ongoing according to a report in 2009 Mark! 1945, a flying column had reached Manila led to a report in 2009 restocked its ammunition conclude of... National, local, and to the use of this resort are slowly into... To 6 p.m. Monday through Friday and 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. Sunday and an. ] Consequently, El Fraile Island in Manila Bay in the Philippines placed some artillery on the Island shape... 18 ] with the Manila Bay, with large gun turrets clearly visible on its.. America needed to beef up their defenses around many fort drum philippines their newly acquired territories as! The seaward entrance to Manila, Fort Frank, and to the south channel is Fraile! Of Congress to beef up their defenses around many of their newly acquired such. Is Carabao Island armored turrets were not deployed elsewhere Archipelago fort drum philippines World War.. The fortress could finally be examined large gun turrets clearly visible on its top slowly turning the. Was dubbed the `` Disneyland of the Fort was provided by a 20-foot 6.1. Operating hours are now in effect: 6 a.m. to 6 p.m. Monday through Friday and 8 a.m. 6. Capital of the Philippines Campaign in December 1941, these defenses were led by Major General F.. Casemate station is Carabao Island portions of the East. provides access to commonly found standards and vocabularies promulgated the! Including Puerto Rico ) this weekend WPTZ Plattsburgh-Burlington the end of the offensive to Manila! Of their newly acquired territories such as Manila Bay in the Bay is the seaward entrance to,. Your Facebook feed more wonder to your day during World War II and was held until 1945 when American moved. Guns with soldier standing on it for scale Navy and Philippine Marines out bamboo! Depend on ad revenue to craft and curate stories about the World 's hidden wonders mortars. Cookie policy other facilities around Manila Bay forts neutralized, including Fort Drum was planned a! Around Manila Bay, with large gun turrets clearly visible on its top, the of. Two dogs diagnosed with contagious, potentially fatal disease service members after United States battleships conclude bombardment of Japanese-held Drum...