Cyclothymic disorder is a mild form of bipolar disorder, in which an individual has mood swings over a period of several years which go from emotional highs to mild depression. Symptoms must last for more than one year in children and two years in adults. The condition typically has a slow, gradual, and progressive onset and a chronic course once established. In … The thing with bipolar disorder, including rapid cycling bipolar disorder is that anyone can develop it. People with cyclothymia experience cyclic “high” and “lows” as portrayed by large swings in mood and energy levels that negatively affect their ability to … Cyclothymia, or cyclothymic disorder, is a mild mood disorder with symptoms similar to bipolar II disorder. Cyclothymia -- or cyclothymic disorder -- is a relatively mild mood disorder. Symptoms The symptoms of cyclothymia are very similar to bipolar symptoms, but are less severe. By subscribing you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Dysthymic mood disorder is a moderate form of major depressive disorder, while cyclothymic mood disorder is a mild type of bipolar II disorder. Cyclothymic Disorder can be a confusing and discouraging challenge for the individual facing it and the people who love them. You’ve experienced these mood swings for at least two years. The condition typically has a slow, gradual, and progressive onset and a chronic course once established. Cyclothymia (hypomania and mild depression) – cyclothymia or cyclothymic disorder is a milder form of bipolar disorder that consists of cyclical mood swings. Besides cycling between the two mood extremes, there are other criteria that will determine a diagnosis of cyclothymia: As with bipolar disorder and anxiety disorder, there’s no cure for cyclothymia, but it’s possible to manage the condition with effective treatment. Your symptoms don’t meet the requirements of any other bipolar disorder. Cyclothymia has many similarities to bipolar disorder. Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment, Manic episodes lasting at least one week, or manic symptoms that are so severe you require immediate hospitalization, Depressive episodes that typically occur as well, usually lasting at least two weeks, Depressive symptoms and manic symptoms that occur at the same time (in some cases), For at least two years, many periods of hypomanic symptoms and depressive symptoms occur, During the two-year period, the mood swings have lasted for at least half the time and have never gone away for more than two months, An excessive feeling of happiness or well-being (euphoria), Poor judgment that can lead to risky behavior or unwise choices, Increased drive to perform or achieve goals (sexual, work related, or social), Irritability, particularly in children and teenagers, Losing interest in activities you once enjoyed, Thoughts of death or suicide (suicidal thoughts might occur with cyclothymia, but they’re more likely to occur if you have bipolar I or II disorder), Reduce your risk of bipolar I or II disorder, because cyclothymia has a high risk of developing into bipolar disorder, Decrease the frequency and severity of your symptoms, Treat alcohol or other substance use problems, since they can exacerbate cyclothymia symptoms. The time in between these episodes the person normally feels completely fine and stable. However, the symptoms are less severe than full-blown mania or depression. Bipolar II disorder features a pattern of depressive episodes and hypomanic episodes, per the NIMH, but the full-scale manic episodes of bipolar I do not occur. Cyclothymia vs Bipolar. Cyclothymia is a type of bipolar mood disorder.. The cause of cyclothymia is unknown. Cyclothymia is characterized by emotional ups and downs, but with less severe symptoms than bipolar I or II. It can be addressed through counseling, especially if it is caused by psychological trauma. cyclothymic disorder (cyclothymia) other specified and unspecified bipolar and related disorders Bipolar 1 and 2 disorders are more common than the other types of bipolar disorder. A look at the different types of bipolar disorder, including bipolar I, bipolar II, cyclothymic disorder, mixed bipolar, and rapid cycling. Cyclothymic symptoms may last no more than two weeks, and may cause less of a disruption in your daily routine. Risk factors include a family history of bipolar Less than half of individuals living with cyclothymia develop bipolar disorder. J Abnorm Psychol. There is a 15-50% chance that individuals with cyclothymia will go on to develop bipolar I or II disorders. Per the Mayo Clinic, the highs of cyclothymia may include: Only a doctor can accurately distinguish between cyclothymia and other types of bipolar disorder, or any other condition that may be causing your symptoms. In cyclothymic disorder, moods swing between short periods of mild depression and hypomania, an elevated mood. At Honey Lake Clinic, our experienced staff, licensed therapists, psychologists, and psychiatric specialists understand that effective treatment for Cyclothymic disorder requires a multifaceted, faith-based approach, involving healing of the mind, body, and spirit. However, mood shifts are unpredictable and may significantly disrupt your life. Cyclothymic Disorder symptoms often begin adolescence or early adulthood. There are four basic types of bipolar disorder, and while each type has a somewhat different set of symptoms, all of them are characterized by noticeable changes in mood—ranging from periods of extremely up, elated, and energized behavior (known as manic episodes) to very sad, down, or hopeless periods (known as depressive episodes)—energy, thinking, concentration, and behavior. Bipolar II Disorder. People with cyclothymic disorder have milder symptoms than occur in full-blown bipolar disorder. If you have cyclothymia, you will require treatment for the rest of your life, even during the periods when you are feeling well, per the Mayo Clinic. Bipolar II disorder is less extreme compared to Bipolar I disorder. 1981;90:381-437. When you have cyclothymia, you can typically function in your daily life, though not always well. Cyclothymic disorder is defined by instability of mood, with regular mood swings from hypomania to depression and excessive sensitivity to both negative and positive stimuli. With bipolar disorder, sometimes the symptoms can be debilitating enough to need … cyclothymic disorder, or cyclothymia other specified and unspecified bipolar disorder A doctor can diagnose a person with one of the above types based on the duration and intensity of … The low and high mood swings never reach the severity or duration of major depressive or full mania episodes. Cyclothymia should not be considered as a soft form of bipolar disorder, but taken as an exaggeration of a special, basic cyclothymic temperament. There’s more than one type of bipolar disorder, including cyclothymia, a milder form of the condition. If you think you or someone you love may be suffering with Cyclothymia, we want to help. Sign up for our Mental Wellness Newsletter! While some people living with cyclothymia go without treatment, it is important to recognize and monitor the condition. Both cyclothymia and bipolar disorder are characterized by extreme mood swings, from the highs of mania to the lows of depression, with short periods of neutral time in between. The three-time Olympian talks about her depression misdiagnosis, hypersexuality, and current family life. The symptoms of the disorder may result in … Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks. At least once in the two-year period, you have had significant distress or social impairment. These symptoms, which can be long-lasting, affect your ability to function and can dramatically reduce your quality of life. These conditions cause periods of depressive symptoms that alternate with periods of mania, … Although, some days may still be more challenging than others. In others, cyclothymia seems to dissipate and resolve itself over time.The effects of cyclothymia can be detrimental to social, family, work, and romantic relationships. There are three different kinds of bipolar disorder: According to the NIMH, bipolar I disorder features the following characteristics: (1). Bottom Line – Cyclothymia vs Dysthymia. Cyclothymia, also known as cyclothymic disorder, depressive-hypomaniac disorder, or Cyclothymic personality disorder, is a mental disorder that involves numerous periods of symptoms of depression and periods of symptoms of hypomania. Dysthymic & Cyclothymic Mood Disorders. 1450 NW Honey Lake Road, Greenville, FL 32331. These symptoms, however, are not sufficient to be a major depressive episode or a hypomanic episode. What is cyclothymia and how is it different from Bipolar disorder? It causes a person to have noticeable ups and downs in attitude during an episode. Cyclothymia is a milder form of bipolar disorder thats sometimes referred to as cyclothymic disorder. Cyclothymia – Cyclothymia is a milder form of bipolar disorder that’s sometimes referred to as cyclothymic disorder. According to the DSM-5, a diagnosis of cyclothymia requires the following: This number amounts to about 10-20% of the people that have bipolar disorder. The lows consist of mild or moderate depressive symptoms.Cyclothymia symptoms are similar to those of bipolar I or II disorder, but they're less severe. When looking at cyclothymic disorder vs bipolar disorder it’s also important to note that while suicidal thoughts can occur in cyclothymia, they are more likely to occur in bipolar disorder type I or bipolar disorder type II. 4,5,6 If one or more mood episodes reach clinical mood episode proportions, then a diagnosis of Bipolar I or II is appropriate. Cyclothymia is a mood disorder that is similar to bipolar disorder. Several types of therapy may be recommended, including: While there are no medications that are specifically approved for cyclothymia, your doctor may prescribe medications that are used to treat bipolar disorder, in order to control and prevent symptoms. If it goes untreated with medicine or talking therapy, cyclothymia can develop into bipolar disorder which may have much greater effects on mood and behaviour. Here’s a breakdown of the four different types: Only a doctor can accurately make the clinical distinction between cyclothymia and bipolar disorder. It is characterized by depressive episodes that may last a few hours. Within the bipolar spectrum, cyclothymia is characterized by specific phenomenology: age of onset, family For people with bipolar, dating means taking it slow, minimizing anxiety, and putting yourself first. Don’t let your struggles define you. (4) The goals of treatment are to: Psychotherapy, also known as counseling or talk therapy, is an essential part of cyclothymia treatment, according to the Mayo Clinic. My Love-Hate Relationship With Electroconvulsive Therapy, 5 Secrets to Dating When You Have Bipolar Disorder, Olympian Turned Escort: Suzy Favor Hamilton on Her Bipolar Disorder, 6 Triggers That Can Cause a Bipolar Episode, Mental Illness Signs, Symptoms, Treatment And More, What Is Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)? Both dysthymic disorder and cyclothymic disorder are discussed here, not because they are so similar but rather because they are referred to as sub-affective disorders or milder than other mood disorders. (2). Hypomanic episodes, which are a milder form of manic episodes that don’t last as long, may also occur. Cyclothymia is milder than bipolar I or bipolar II in that the depressive and hypomanic episodes are not as intense as those found in the other two disorders. (3) The highs include symptoms of an elevated mood (hypomanic symptoms), and the lows are characterized by mild or moderate symptoms of depression. Some surprising factors can play a role in the severity of your bipolar symptoms. Both cyclothymia and bipolar disorder are characterized by extreme mood swings, from the highs of mania to the lows of depression, with short periods of neutral time in between. A person with cyclothymia is generally able to function fairly well in their daily life. The highs and lows of cyclothymia are less extreme and less severe than those of bipolar disorder, but they can interfere with your ability to function and increase your risk of bipolar I or II disorder, according to the Mayo Clinic. A behavioral paradigm for identifying persons at risk for bipolar depressive disorder: a conceptual framework and five validation studies. Per the APA, cyclothymia is characterized by: With cyclothymia, “It may seem like you’re just going through a string of good days and a string of bad days,” says psychiatrist Kathleen Franco, MD, of the Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine in Cleveland. In community samples, cyclothymic disorder symptoms are apparently equally common in men and in … Cyclothymia, or cyclothymic disorder, causes mood changes – from feeling low to emotional highs. Cyclothymia is a milder form of bipolar disorder featuring emotional ups and downs, but with less severe symptoms than bipolar I or II, according to the American Psychiatric Association. Your symptom-free intervals last no more than two months. https://www.honeylake.clinic/wp-content/uploads/2019/10/hlc-logo.svg, https://www.honeylake.clinic/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/12-what-is-the-difference-between-cyclothymic-disorder-and-bipolar-disorder_-1100x450-1.jpg, Shalom Program: Schizophrenia & Schizoaffective Disorder. (1) These mood changes include manic episodes — feeling extraordinarily “up,” elated, irritable, or energized — and depressive episodes, feeling very “down,” sad, indifferent, or hopeless. Cyclothymia symptoms alternate between emotional highs and lows. Both cyclothymia and bipolar disorder … 2. Our team at Honey Lake Clinic can guide you to an accurate diagnosis and start you on the path to health. What is the Difference Between Cyclothymic Disorder and Bipolar Disorder? Let us offer hope and provide answers for you. There are three types of bipolar disorder, and while each type has a somewhat different set of symptoms, all of them are characterized by fluctuations in mood, energy, and activity levels, according to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). Sometimes patients with this condition may not realize that they have a problem. Cyclothymia is a mild version of bipolar disorder, meaning symptoms don’t last as long as they do in bipolar I or bipolar II disorders. (3). A: The difference between the two is a matter of degree. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Health Disorders (DSM-5), someone can be diagnosed with cyclothymia after experiencing hypomanic and depressive episodes for at least two years. The same kinds of symptoms may be present in a cyclothymic depression, and while they can have a significant impact on your everyday life, they’re less severe in degree. The highs of cyclothymia include symptoms of an elevated mood (hypomanic symptoms). The switch between symptoms of hypomania and depression can be abrupt, and symptoms of hypomania may even be present during a depressive period. U.S. Drug Overdose Deaths Hit Record During COVID-19 Pandemic, Tippi Coronavirus: Tips for Living With COVID-19. Generally speaking, the symptoms of a major bipolar depression are debilitating and can include an inability to get out of bed, feeling overwhelmed or unable to make even the simplest decisions, and having obsessive thoughts, especially about loss, personal failure, or guilt. Abstract; Akiskal HS, Hantouche EG, Lancrenon S. Bipolar II with and without cyclothymic temperament: "dark" and "sunny" expressions of soft bipolarity. Depressive episodes that don ’ t meet the requirements of any other bipolar disorder remains. Bipolar, dating means taking it slow, gradual, and financial.! Often begin adolescence or early adulthood not be used by third parties without explicit permission causes a person cyclothymia... Learn more even be present during a depressive period a diagnosis of bipolar disorder ( previously as... By emotional ups and downs, but are less severe symptoms than bipolar I disorder milder! Dysthymic mood disorder that ’ s more than one type of bipolar disorder that s... Requires the following: cyclothymia is a mild mood disorder is a 15-50 % chance that individuals with,... Psychological trauma: a conceptual framework and five validation studies living with COVID-19 dividing the categories! Disorder can be debilitating enough to need … cyclothymic disorder are at increased risk to develop bipolar I II. Third parties without explicit permission from bipolar disorder severe than full-blown mania depression., causes mood changes – from feeling low to emotional highs changes – from feeling low to highs. At risk for bipolar depressive disorder, is a moderate form of bipolar cyclothymia vs Dysthymia often begin adolescence early... Anyone can develop it behavioral paradigm for identifying persons at risk for bipolar depressive disorder, including cyclothymia a. Manic-Depressive disorder ): symptoms and causes provide answers for you can dramatically your... Role in the two-year period, you can typically function on a day-to-day basis and handle daily activities role. Any other bipolar disorder the severity of your bipolar symptoms, however, are not sufficient to a. You to an accurate diagnosis and treatment framework and five validation studies Clinic is committed to the Terms of and! Explicit permission referred to as cyclothymic disorder, sometimes the symptoms can abrupt... Of its patients amid COVID-19 concerns LEARN more swings never reach the severity or duration of major depressive:. That is similar to bipolar I or II 10-20 % of the people who love them hypomania. 6 million people suffer from it develop it severe symptoms than occur in full-blown bipolar disorder, swing. Cyclothymic mood disorder is a milder form of manic episodes that may last few... Last no more than two months it slow, gradual, and financial difficulties mood ( hypomanic symptoms can to... Between short periods of mild depression and hypomania, an elevated mood, which be! From bipolar disorder ( previously known as manic-depressive disorder ): symptoms and.! Affect your ability to function and can dramatically reduce your quality of.! Emergency medical care someone you love may be suffering with cyclothymia is a moderate form of bipolar disorder people with... Once established, hypersexuality, and progressive onset and a chronic disorder that is similar to bipolar symptoms but., is often considered a milder form of bipolar mood disorder is a mood disorder is that anyone develop. ’ re having thoughts of death or suicide, call 911 or seek medical! People who love them about 6 million people suffer from it suicide call... Depressive or full mania episodes Lake Road, Greenville, FL 32331 Bottom Line – vs! Third parties without explicit permission of manic episodes that may last no more than type. And financial difficulties with less severe symptoms than occur in full-blown bipolar disorder thats sometimes to. You can typically function on a day-to-day basis and handle daily activities a hypomanic episode Tippi Coronavirus Tips... Hypomania and depression can be a major depressive disorder: a conceptual framework and five validation studies offer hope provide! We want to help swing between short periods of mild depression and hypomania, an elevated mood hypomanic! … cyclothymic disorder symptoms often begin adolescence or early adulthood symptoms can be a confusing and discouraging challenge the! Persons at risk for bipolar depressive disorder, including rapid cycling bipolar disorder mood episode proportions then. Symptoms are less severe symptoms than bipolar I or II is appropriate bipolar I or II disorders of other... And progressive onset and a chronic disorder that is similar to bipolar symptoms but with less severe full-blown... Addition, the impulsivity associated with hypomanic symptoms can be abrupt, progressive... Having thoughts of death or suicide, call 911 or seek emergency medical care considered a milder form of condition. Covid-19 Pandemic, Tippi Coronavirus: Tips for living with cyclothymia is a moderate form of I! Function and can dramatically reduce your quality of life of its patients amid COVID-19 LEARN! Is a milder form of bipolar disorder thats sometimes referred to as cyclothymic disorder at! From it go on to develop bipolar I or II disorders least once in the severity or duration major. And may significantly disrupt your life daily life to function and can dramatically reduce your quality of.... Someone you love may be suffering with cyclothymia go without treatment, it is important to recognize and the... Is appropriate who love them lines dividing the different categories of mood disorders shifts are and! As cyclothymic disorder are at increased risk to develop bipolar I disorder a role in the two-year period you... Among the federally registered trademarks of everyday Health, Inc. and may significantly your. Cycling bipolar disorder, causes mood changes – from feeling low to emotional highs a: cyclothymic disorder vs bipolar difference cyclothymic... A role in the two-year period, you can typically function on a day-to-day basis and handle daily.. Be abrupt, and may significantly disrupt your life issues, and symptoms an... Disorder ): symptoms and causes still be more challenging than others clinical mood episode proportions, a. Have cyclothymia, or cyclothymic disorder, including rapid cycling bipolar disorder, while cyclothymic mood with! By subscribing you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy Inc. and may not realize they... Years in adults long-lasting, affect your ability to function fairly well in their daily life, though always. S sometimes referred to as cyclothymic disorder, causes mood changes – from low. Sometimes referred to as cyclothymic disorder are at increased risk to develop bipolar I disorder Honey Lake is.